class ibex.sklearn.neighbors.RadiusNeighborsRegressor(radius=1.0, weights='uniform', algorithm='auto', leaf_size=30, p=2, metric='minkowski', metric_params=None, **kwargs)

Bases: sklearn.neighbors.regression.RadiusNeighborsRegressor, ibex._base.FrameMixin


The documentation following is of the class wrapped by this class. There are some changes, in particular:

Regression based on neighbors within a fixed radius.

The target is predicted by local interpolation of the targets associated of the nearest neighbors in the training set.

Read more in the User Guide.

radius : float, optional (default = 1.0)
Range of parameter space to use by default for radius_neighbors() queries.
weights : str or callable

weight function used in prediction. Possible values:

  • ‘uniform’ : uniform weights. All points in each neighborhood are weighted equally.
  • ‘distance’ : weight points by the inverse of their distance. in this case, closer neighbors of a query point will have a greater influence than neighbors which are further away.
  • [callable] : a user-defined function which accepts an array of distances, and returns an array of the same shape containing the weights.

Uniform weights are used by default.

algorithm : {‘auto’, ‘ball_tree’, ‘kd_tree’, ‘brute’}, optional

Algorithm used to compute the nearest neighbors:

  • ‘ball_tree’ will use BallTree
  • ‘kd_tree’ will use KDTree
  • ‘brute’ will use a brute-force search.
  • ‘auto’ will attempt to decide the most appropriate algorithm based on the values passed to fit() method.

Note: fitting on sparse input will override the setting of this parameter, using brute force.

leaf_size : int, optional (default = 30)
Leaf size passed to BallTree or KDTree. This can affect the speed of the construction and query, as well as the memory required to store the tree. The optimal value depends on the nature of the problem.
p : integer, optional (default = 2)
Power parameter for the Minkowski metric. When p = 1, this is equivalent to using manhattan_distance (l1), and euclidean_distance (l2) for p = 2. For arbitrary p, minkowski_distance (l_p) is used.
metric : string or callable, default ‘minkowski’
the distance metric to use for the tree. The default metric is minkowski, and with p=2 is equivalent to the standard Euclidean metric. See the documentation of the DistanceMetric class for a list of available metrics.
metric_params : dict, optional (default = None)
Additional keyword arguments for the metric function.
>>> X = [[0], [1], [2], [3]]
>>> y = [0, 0, 1, 1]
>>> from sklearn.neighbors import RadiusNeighborsRegressor
>>> neigh = RadiusNeighborsRegressor(radius=1.0)
>>> neigh.fit(X, y) 
>>> print(neigh.predict([[1.5]]))
[ 0.5]

NearestNeighbors KNeighborsRegressor KNeighborsClassifier RadiusNeighborsClassifier

See Nearest Neighbors in the online documentation for a discussion of the choice of algorithm and leaf_size.


fit(X, y)


The documentation following is of the class wrapped by this class. There are some changes, in particular:

Fit the model using X as training data and y as target values

X : {array-like, sparse matrix, BallTree, KDTree}
Training data. If array or matrix, shape [n_samples, n_features], or [n_samples, n_samples] if metric=’precomputed’.
y : {array-like, sparse matrix}
Target values, array of float values, shape = [n_samples]
or [n_samples, n_outputs]


The documentation following is of the class wrapped by this class. There are some changes, in particular:

Predict the target for the provided data

X : array-like, shape (n_query, n_features), or (n_query, n_indexed) if metric == ‘precomputed’
Test samples.
y : array of int, shape = [n_samples] or [n_samples, n_outputs]
Target values
radius_neighbors(X=None, radius=None, return_distance=True)


The documentation following is of the class wrapped by this class. There are some changes, in particular:

Finds the neighbors within a given radius of a point or points.

Return the indices and distances of each point from the dataset lying in a ball with size radius around the points of the query array. Points lying on the boundary are included in the results.

The result points are not necessarily sorted by distance to their query point.

X : array-like, (n_samples, n_features), optional
The query point or points. If not provided, neighbors of each indexed point are returned. In this case, the query point is not considered its own neighbor.
radius : float
Limiting distance of neighbors to return. (default is the value passed to the constructor).
return_distance : boolean, optional. Defaults to True.
If False, distances will not be returned
dist : array, shape (n_samples,) of arrays
Array representing the distances to each point, only present if return_distance=True. The distance values are computed according to the metric constructor parameter.
ind : array, shape (n_samples,) of arrays
An array of arrays of indices of the approximate nearest points from the population matrix that lie within a ball of size radius around the query points.

In the following example, we construct a NeighborsClassifier class from an array representing our data set and ask who’s the closest point to [1, 1, 1]:

>>> import numpy as np
>>> samples = [[0., 0., 0.], [0., .5, 0.], [1., 1., .5]]
>>> from sklearn.neighbors import NearestNeighbors
>>> neigh = NearestNeighbors(radius=1.6)
>>> neigh.fit(samples) 
NearestNeighbors(algorithm='auto', leaf_size=30, ...)
>>> rng = neigh.radius_neighbors([[1., 1., 1.]])
>>> print(np.asarray(rng[0][0])) 
[ 1.5  0.5]
>>> print(np.asarray(rng[1][0])) 
[1 2]

The first array returned contains the distances to all points which are closer than 1.6, while the second array returned contains their indices. In general, multiple points can be queried at the same time.

Because the number of neighbors of each point is not necessarily equal, the results for multiple query points cannot be fit in a standard data array. For efficiency, radius_neighbors returns arrays of objects, where each object is a 1D array of indices or distances.

score(X, y, sample_weight=None)


The documentation following is of the class wrapped by this class. There are some changes, in particular:

Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

The coefficient R^2 is defined as (1 - u/v), where u is the residual sum of squares ((y_true - y_pred) ** 2).sum() and v is the total sum of squares ((y_true - y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum(). The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a R^2 score of 0.0.

X : array-like, shape = (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples.
y : array-like, shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True values for X.
sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples], optional
Sample weights.
score : float
R^2 of self.predict(X) wrt. y.