# Source code for sklearn.naive_bayes

```
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
The :mod:`sklearn.naive_bayes` module implements Naive Bayes algorithms. These
are supervised learning methods based on applying Bayes' theorem with strong
(naive) feature independence assumptions.
"""
# Author: Vincent Michel <vincent.michel@inria.fr>
# Minor fixes by Fabian Pedregosa
# Amit Aides <amitibo@tx.technion.ac.il>
# Yehuda Finkelstein <yehudaf@tx.technion.ac.il>
# Lars Buitinck
# Jan Hendrik Metzen <jhm@informatik.uni-bremen.de>
# (parts based on earlier work by Mathieu Blondel)
#
# License: BSD 3 clause
import warnings
from abc import ABCMeta, abstractmethod
import numpy as np
from scipy.sparse import issparse
from .base import BaseEstimator, ClassifierMixin
from .preprocessing import binarize
from .preprocessing import LabelBinarizer
from .preprocessing import label_binarize
from .utils import check_X_y, check_array, check_consistent_length
from .utils.extmath import safe_sparse_dot
from .utils.fixes import logsumexp
from .utils.multiclass import _check_partial_fit_first_call
from .utils.validation import check_is_fitted
from .externals import six
__all__ = ['BernoulliNB', 'GaussianNB', 'MultinomialNB']
class BaseNB(six.with_metaclass(ABCMeta, BaseEstimator, ClassifierMixin)):
"""Abstract base class for naive Bayes estimators"""
@abstractmethod
def _joint_log_likelihood(self, X):
"""Compute the unnormalized posterior log probability of X
I.e. ``log P(c) + log P(x|c)`` for all rows x of X, as an array-like of
shape [n_classes, n_samples].
Input is passed to _joint_log_likelihood as-is by predict,
predict_proba and predict_log_proba.
"""
def predict(self, X):
"""
Perform classification on an array of test vectors X.
Parameters
----------
X : array-like, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Returns
-------
C : array, shape = [n_samples]
Predicted target values for X
"""
jll = self._joint_log_likelihood(X)
return self.classes_[np.argmax(jll, axis=1)]
def predict_log_proba(self, X):
"""
Return log-probability estimates for the test vector X.
Parameters
----------
X : array-like, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Returns
-------
C : array-like, shape = [n_samples, n_classes]
Returns the log-probability of the samples for each class in
the model. The columns correspond to the classes in sorted
order, as they appear in the attribute `classes_`.
"""
jll = self._joint_log_likelihood(X)
# normalize by P(x) = P(f_1, ..., f_n)
log_prob_x = logsumexp(jll, axis=1)
return jll - np.atleast_2d(log_prob_x).T
def predict_proba(self, X):
"""
Return probability estimates for the test vector X.
Parameters
----------
X : array-like, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Returns
-------
C : array-like, shape = [n_samples, n_classes]
Returns the probability of the samples for each class in
the model. The columns correspond to the classes in sorted
order, as they appear in the attribute `classes_`.
"""
return np.exp(self.predict_log_proba(X))
class GaussianNB(BaseNB):
"""
Gaussian Naive Bayes (GaussianNB)
Can perform online updates to model parameters via `partial_fit` method.
For details on algorithm used to update feature means and variance online,
see Stanford CS tech report STAN-CS-79-773 by Chan, Golub, and LeVeque:
http://i.stanford.edu/pub/cstr/reports/cs/tr/79/773/CS-TR-79-773.pdf
Read more in the :ref:`User Guide <gaussian_naive_bayes>`.
Parameters
----------
priors : array-like, shape (n_classes,)
Prior probabilities of the classes. If specified the priors are not
adjusted according to the data.
Attributes
----------
class_prior_ : array, shape (n_classes,)
probability of each class.
class_count_ : array, shape (n_classes,)
number of training samples observed in each class.
theta_ : array, shape (n_classes, n_features)
mean of each feature per class
sigma_ : array, shape (n_classes, n_features)
variance of each feature per class
Examples
--------
>>> import numpy as np
>>> X = np.array([[-1, -1], [-2, -1], [-3, -2], [1, 1], [2, 1], [3, 2]])
>>> Y = np.array([1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2])
>>> from sklearn.naive_bayes import GaussianNB
>>> clf = GaussianNB()
>>> clf.fit(X, Y)
GaussianNB(priors=None)
>>> print(clf.predict([[-0.8, -1]]))
[1]
>>> clf_pf = GaussianNB()
>>> clf_pf.partial_fit(X, Y, np.unique(Y))
GaussianNB(priors=None)
>>> print(clf_pf.predict([[-0.8, -1]]))
[1]
"""
def __init__(self, priors=None):
self.priors = priors
[docs] def fit(self, X, y, sample_weight=None):
"""Fit Gaussian Naive Bayes according to X, y
Parameters
----------
X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples
and n_features is the number of features.
y : array-like, shape (n_samples,)
Target values.
sample_weight : array-like, shape (n_samples,), optional (default=None)
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
.. versionadded:: 0.17
Gaussian Naive Bayes supports fitting with *sample_weight*.
Returns
-------
self : object
Returns self.
"""
X, y = check_X_y(X, y)
return self._partial_fit(X, y, np.unique(y), _refit=True,
sample_weight=sample_weight)
@staticmethod
def _update_mean_variance(n_past, mu, var, X, sample_weight=None):
"""Compute online update of Gaussian mean and variance.
Given starting sample count, mean, and variance, a new set of
points X, and optionally sample weights, return the updated mean and
variance. (NB - each dimension (column) in X is treated as independent
-- you get variance, not covariance).
Can take scalar mean and variance, or vector mean and variance to
simultaneously update a number of independent Gaussians.
See Stanford CS tech report STAN-CS-79-773 by Chan, Golub, and LeVeque:
http://i.stanford.edu/pub/cstr/reports/cs/tr/79/773/CS-TR-79-773.pdf
Parameters
----------
n_past : int
Number of samples represented in old mean and variance. If sample
weights were given, this should contain the sum of sample
weights represented in old mean and variance.
mu : array-like, shape (number of Gaussians,)
Means for Gaussians in original set.
var : array-like, shape (number of Gaussians,)
Variances for Gaussians in original set.
sample_weight : array-like, shape (n_samples,), optional (default=None)
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
Returns
-------
total_mu : array-like, shape (number of Gaussians,)
Updated mean for each Gaussian over the combined set.
total_var : array-like, shape (number of Gaussians,)
Updated variance for each Gaussian over the combined set.
"""
if X.shape[0] == 0:
return mu, var
# Compute (potentially weighted) mean and variance of new datapoints
if sample_weight is not None:
n_new = float(sample_weight.sum())
new_mu = np.average(X, axis=0, weights=sample_weight / n_new)
new_var = np.average((X - new_mu) ** 2, axis=0,
weights=sample_weight / n_new)
else:
n_new = X.shape[0]
new_var = np.var(X, axis=0)
new_mu = np.mean(X, axis=0)
if n_past == 0:
return new_mu, new_var
n_total = float(n_past + n_new)
# Combine mean of old and new data, taking into consideration
# (weighted) number of observations
total_mu = (n_new * new_mu + n_past * mu) / n_total
# Combine variance of old and new data, taking into consideration
# (weighted) number of observations. This is achieved by combining
# the sum-of-squared-differences (ssd)
old_ssd = n_past * var
new_ssd = n_new * new_var
total_ssd = (old_ssd + new_ssd +
(n_past / float(n_new * n_total)) *
(n_new * mu - n_new * new_mu) ** 2)
total_var = total_ssd / n_total
return total_mu, total_var
[docs] def partial_fit(self, X, y, classes=None, sample_weight=None):
"""Incremental fit on a batch of samples.
This method is expected to be called several times consecutively
on different chunks of a dataset so as to implement out-of-core
or online learning.
This is especially useful when the whole dataset is too big to fit in
memory at once.
This method has some performance and numerical stability overhead,
hence it is better to call partial_fit on chunks of data that are
as large as possible (as long as fitting in the memory budget) to
hide the overhead.
Parameters
----------
X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and
n_features is the number of features.
y : array-like, shape (n_samples,)
Target values.
classes : array-like, shape (n_classes,), optional (default=None)
List of all the classes that can possibly appear in the y vector.
Must be provided at the first call to partial_fit, can be omitted
in subsequent calls.
sample_weight : array-like, shape (n_samples,), optional (default=None)
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
.. versionadded:: 0.17
Returns
-------
self : object
Returns self.
"""
return self._partial_fit(X, y, classes, _refit=False,
sample_weight=sample_weight)
def _partial_fit(self, X, y, classes=None, _refit=False,
sample_weight=None):
"""Actual implementation of Gaussian NB fitting.
Parameters
----------
X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and
n_features is the number of features.
y : array-like, shape (n_samples,)
Target values.
classes : array-like, shape (n_classes,), optional (default=None)
List of all the classes that can possibly appear in the y vector.
Must be provided at the first call to partial_fit, can be omitted
in subsequent calls.
_refit: bool, optional (default=False)
If true, act as though this were the first time we called
_partial_fit (ie, throw away any past fitting and start over).
sample_weight : array-like, shape (n_samples,), optional (default=None)
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
Returns
-------
self : object
Returns self.
"""
X, y = check_X_y(X, y)
if sample_weight is not None:
sample_weight = check_array(sample_weight, ensure_2d=False)
check_consistent_length(y, sample_weight)
# If the ratio of data variance between dimensions is too small, it
# will cause numerical errors. To address this, we artificially
# boost the variance by epsilon, a small fraction of the standard
# deviation of the largest dimension.
epsilon = 1e-9 * np.var(X, axis=0).max()
if _refit:
self.classes_ = None
if _check_partial_fit_first_call(self, classes):
# This is the first call to partial_fit:
# initialize various cumulative counters
n_features = X.shape[1]
n_classes = len(self.classes_)
self.theta_ = np.zeros((n_classes, n_features))
self.sigma_ = np.zeros((n_classes, n_features))
self.class_count_ = np.zeros(n_classes, dtype=np.float64)
# Initialise the class prior
n_classes = len(self.classes_)
# Take into account the priors
if self.priors is not None:
priors = np.asarray(self.priors)
# Check that the provide prior match the number of classes
if len(priors) != n_classes:
raise ValueError('Number of priors must match number of'
' classes.')
# Check that the sum is 1
if priors.sum() != 1.0:
raise ValueError('The sum of the priors should be 1.')
# Check that the prior are non-negative
if (priors < 0).any():
raise ValueError('Priors must be non-negative.')
self.class_prior_ = priors
else:
# Initialize the priors to zeros for each class
self.class_prior_ = np.zeros(len(self.classes_),
dtype=np.float64)
else:
if X.shape[1] != self.theta_.shape[1]:
msg = "Number of features %d does not match previous data %d."
raise ValueError(msg % (X.shape[1], self.theta_.shape[1]))
# Put epsilon back in each time
self.sigma_[:, :] -= epsilon
classes = self.classes_
unique_y = np.unique(y)
unique_y_in_classes = np.in1d(unique_y, classes)
if not np.all(unique_y_in_classes):
raise ValueError("The target label(s) %s in y do not exist in the "
"initial classes %s" %
(unique_y[~unique_y_in_classes], classes))
for y_i in unique_y:
i = classes.searchsorted(y_i)
X_i = X[y == y_i, :]
if sample_weight is not None:
sw_i = sample_weight[y == y_i]
N_i = sw_i.sum()
else:
sw_i = None
N_i = X_i.shape[0]
new_theta, new_sigma = self._update_mean_variance(
self.class_count_[i], self.theta_[i, :], self.sigma_[i, :],
X_i, sw_i)
self.theta_[i, :] = new_theta
self.sigma_[i, :] = new_sigma
self.class_count_[i] += N_i
self.sigma_[:, :] += epsilon
# Update if only no priors is provided
if self.priors is None:
# Empirical prior, with sample_weight taken into account
self.class_prior_ = self.class_count_ / self.class_count_.sum()
return self
def _joint_log_likelihood(self, X):
check_is_fitted(self, "classes_")
X = check_array(X)
joint_log_likelihood = []
for i in range(np.size(self.classes_)):
jointi = np.log(self.class_prior_[i])
n_ij = - 0.5 * np.sum(np.log(2. * np.pi * self.sigma_[i, :]))
n_ij -= 0.5 * np.sum(((X - self.theta_[i, :]) ** 2) /
(self.sigma_[i, :]), 1)
joint_log_likelihood.append(jointi + n_ij)
joint_log_likelihood = np.array(joint_log_likelihood).T
return joint_log_likelihood
_ALPHA_MIN = 1e-10
class BaseDiscreteNB(BaseNB):
"""Abstract base class for naive Bayes on discrete/categorical data
Any estimator based on this class should provide:
__init__
_joint_log_likelihood(X) as per BaseNB
"""
def _update_class_log_prior(self, class_prior=None):
n_classes = len(self.classes_)
if class_prior is not None:
if len(class_prior) != n_classes:
raise ValueError("Number of priors must match number of"
" classes.")
self.class_log_prior_ = np.log(class_prior)
elif self.fit_prior:
# empirical prior, with sample_weight taken into account
self.class_log_prior_ = (np.log(self.class_count_) -
np.log(self.class_count_.sum()))
else:
self.class_log_prior_ = np.zeros(n_classes) - np.log(n_classes)
def _check_alpha(self):
if self.alpha < 0:
raise ValueError('Smoothing parameter alpha = %.1e. '
'alpha should be > 0.' % self.alpha)
if self.alpha < _ALPHA_MIN:
warnings.warn('alpha too small will result in numeric errors, '
'setting alpha = %.1e' % _ALPHA_MIN)
return _ALPHA_MIN
return self.alpha
def partial_fit(self, X, y, classes=None, sample_weight=None):
"""Incremental fit on a batch of samples.
This method is expected to be called several times consecutively
on different chunks of a dataset so as to implement out-of-core
or online learning.
This is especially useful when the whole dataset is too big to fit in
memory at once.
This method has some performance overhead hence it is better to call
partial_fit on chunks of data that are as large as possible
(as long as fitting in the memory budget) to hide the overhead.
Parameters
----------
X : {array-like, sparse matrix}, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and
n_features is the number of features.
y : array-like, shape = [n_samples]
Target values.
classes : array-like, shape = [n_classes] (default=None)
List of all the classes that can possibly appear in the y vector.
Must be provided at the first call to partial_fit, can be omitted
in subsequent calls.
sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples] (default=None)
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
Returns
-------
self : object
Returns self.
"""
X = check_array(X, accept_sparse='csr', dtype=np.float64)
_, n_features = X.shape
if _check_partial_fit_first_call(self, classes):
# This is the first call to partial_fit:
# initialize various cumulative counters
n_effective_classes = len(classes) if len(classes) > 1 else 2
self.class_count_ = np.zeros(n_effective_classes, dtype=np.float64)
self.feature_count_ = np.zeros((n_effective_classes, n_features),
dtype=np.float64)
elif n_features != self.coef_.shape[1]:
msg = "Number of features %d does not match previous data %d."
raise ValueError(msg % (n_features, self.coef_.shape[-1]))
Y = label_binarize(y, classes=self.classes_)
if Y.shape[1] == 1:
Y = np.concatenate((1 - Y, Y), axis=1)
n_samples, n_classes = Y.shape
if X.shape[0] != Y.shape[0]:
msg = "X.shape[0]=%d and y.shape[0]=%d are incompatible."
raise ValueError(msg % (X.shape[0], y.shape[0]))
# label_binarize() returns arrays with dtype=np.int64.
# We convert it to np.float64 to support sample_weight consistently
Y = Y.astype(np.float64)
if sample_weight is not None:
sample_weight = np.atleast_2d(sample_weight)
Y *= check_array(sample_weight).T
class_prior = self.class_prior
# Count raw events from data before updating the class log prior
# and feature log probas
self._count(X, Y)
# XXX: OPTIM: we could introduce a public finalization method to
# be called by the user explicitly just once after several consecutive
# calls to partial_fit and prior any call to predict[_[log_]proba]
# to avoid computing the smooth log probas at each call to partial fit
alpha = self._check_alpha()
self._update_feature_log_prob(alpha)
self._update_class_log_prior(class_prior=class_prior)
return self
def fit(self, X, y, sample_weight=None):
"""Fit Naive Bayes classifier according to X, y
Parameters
----------
X : {array-like, sparse matrix}, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and
n_features is the number of features.
y : array-like, shape = [n_samples]
Target values.
sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples], (default=None)
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
Returns
-------
self : object
Returns self.
"""
X, y = check_X_y(X, y, 'csr')
_, n_features = X.shape
labelbin = LabelBinarizer()
Y = labelbin.fit_transform(y)
self.classes_ = labelbin.classes_
if Y.shape[1] == 1:
Y = np.concatenate((1 - Y, Y), axis=1)
# LabelBinarizer().fit_transform() returns arrays with dtype=np.int64.
# We convert it to np.float64 to support sample_weight consistently;
# this means we also don't have to cast X to floating point
Y = Y.astype(np.float64)
if sample_weight is not None:
sample_weight = np.atleast_2d(sample_weight)
Y *= check_array(sample_weight).T
class_prior = self.class_prior
# Count raw events from data before updating the class log prior
# and feature log probas
n_effective_classes = Y.shape[1]
self.class_count_ = np.zeros(n_effective_classes, dtype=np.float64)
self.feature_count_ = np.zeros((n_effective_classes, n_features),
dtype=np.float64)
self._count(X, Y)
alpha = self._check_alpha()
self._update_feature_log_prob(alpha)
self._update_class_log_prior(class_prior=class_prior)
return self
# XXX The following is a stopgap measure; we need to set the dimensions
# of class_log_prior_ and feature_log_prob_ correctly.
def _get_coef(self):
return (self.feature_log_prob_[1:]
if len(self.classes_) == 2 else self.feature_log_prob_)
def _get_intercept(self):
return (self.class_log_prior_[1:]
if len(self.classes_) == 2 else self.class_log_prior_)
coef_ = property(_get_coef)
intercept_ = property(_get_intercept)
class MultinomialNB(BaseDiscreteNB):
"""
Naive Bayes classifier for multinomial models
The multinomial Naive Bayes classifier is suitable for classification with
discrete features (e.g., word counts for text classification). The
multinomial distribution normally requires integer feature counts. However,
in practice, fractional counts such as tf-idf may also work.
Read more in the :ref:`User Guide <multinomial_naive_bayes>`.
Parameters
----------
alpha : float, optional (default=1.0)
Additive (Laplace/Lidstone) smoothing parameter
(0 for no smoothing).
fit_prior : boolean, optional (default=True)
Whether to learn class prior probabilities or not.
If false, a uniform prior will be used.
class_prior : array-like, size (n_classes,), optional (default=None)
Prior probabilities of the classes. If specified the priors are not
adjusted according to the data.
Attributes
----------
class_log_prior_ : array, shape (n_classes, )
Smoothed empirical log probability for each class.
intercept_ : property
Mirrors ``class_log_prior_`` for interpreting MultinomialNB
as a linear model.
feature_log_prob_ : array, shape (n_classes, n_features)
Empirical log probability of features
given a class, ``P(x_i|y)``.
coef_ : property
Mirrors ``feature_log_prob_`` for interpreting MultinomialNB
as a linear model.
class_count_ : array, shape (n_classes,)
Number of samples encountered for each class during fitting. This
value is weighted by the sample weight when provided.
feature_count_ : array, shape (n_classes, n_features)
Number of samples encountered for each (class, feature)
during fitting. This value is weighted by the sample weight when
provided.
Examples
--------
>>> import numpy as np
>>> X = np.random.randint(5, size=(6, 100))
>>> y = np.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])
>>> from sklearn.naive_bayes import MultinomialNB
>>> clf = MultinomialNB()
>>> clf.fit(X, y)
MultinomialNB(alpha=1.0, class_prior=None, fit_prior=True)
>>> print(clf.predict(X[2:3]))
[3]
Notes
-----
For the rationale behind the names `coef_` and `intercept_`, i.e.
naive Bayes as a linear classifier, see J. Rennie et al. (2003),
Tackling the poor assumptions of naive Bayes text classifiers, ICML.
References
----------
C.D. Manning, P. Raghavan and H. Schuetze (2008). Introduction to
Information Retrieval. Cambridge University Press, pp. 234-265.
http://nlp.stanford.edu/IR-book/html/htmledition/naive-bayes-text-classification-1.html
"""
def __init__(self, alpha=1.0, fit_prior=True, class_prior=None):
self.alpha = alpha
self.fit_prior = fit_prior
self.class_prior = class_prior
def _count(self, X, Y):
"""Count and smooth feature occurrences."""
if np.any((X.data if issparse(X) else X) < 0):
raise ValueError("Input X must be non-negative")
self.feature_count_ += safe_sparse_dot(Y.T, X)
self.class_count_ += Y.sum(axis=0)
def _update_feature_log_prob(self, alpha):
"""Apply smoothing to raw counts and recompute log probabilities"""
smoothed_fc = self.feature_count_ + alpha
smoothed_cc = smoothed_fc.sum(axis=1)
self.feature_log_prob_ = (np.log(smoothed_fc) -
np.log(smoothed_cc.reshape(-1, 1)))
def _joint_log_likelihood(self, X):
"""Calculate the posterior log probability of the samples X"""
check_is_fitted(self, "classes_")
X = check_array(X, accept_sparse='csr')
return (safe_sparse_dot(X, self.feature_log_prob_.T) +
self.class_log_prior_)
class BernoulliNB(BaseDiscreteNB):
"""Naive Bayes classifier for multivariate Bernoulli models.
Like MultinomialNB, this classifier is suitable for discrete data. The
difference is that while MultinomialNB works with occurrence counts,
BernoulliNB is designed for binary/boolean features.
Read more in the :ref:`User Guide <bernoulli_naive_bayes>`.
Parameters
----------
alpha : float, optional (default=1.0)
Additive (Laplace/Lidstone) smoothing parameter
(0 for no smoothing).
binarize : float or None, optional (default=0.0)
Threshold for binarizing (mapping to booleans) of sample features.
If None, input is presumed to already consist of binary vectors.
fit_prior : boolean, optional (default=True)
Whether to learn class prior probabilities or not.
If false, a uniform prior will be used.
class_prior : array-like, size=[n_classes,], optional (default=None)
Prior probabilities of the classes. If specified the priors are not
adjusted according to the data.
Attributes
----------
class_log_prior_ : array, shape = [n_classes]
Log probability of each class (smoothed).
feature_log_prob_ : array, shape = [n_classes, n_features]
Empirical log probability of features given a class, P(x_i|y).
class_count_ : array, shape = [n_classes]
Number of samples encountered for each class during fitting. This
value is weighted by the sample weight when provided.
feature_count_ : array, shape = [n_classes, n_features]
Number of samples encountered for each (class, feature)
during fitting. This value is weighted by the sample weight when
provided.
Examples
--------
>>> import numpy as np
>>> X = np.random.randint(2, size=(6, 100))
>>> Y = np.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5])
>>> from sklearn.naive_bayes import BernoulliNB
>>> clf = BernoulliNB()
>>> clf.fit(X, Y)
BernoulliNB(alpha=1.0, binarize=0.0, class_prior=None, fit_prior=True)
>>> print(clf.predict(X[2:3]))
[3]
References
----------
C.D. Manning, P. Raghavan and H. Schuetze (2008). Introduction to
Information Retrieval. Cambridge University Press, pp. 234-265.
http://nlp.stanford.edu/IR-book/html/htmledition/the-bernoulli-model-1.html
A. McCallum and K. Nigam (1998). A comparison of event models for naive
Bayes text classification. Proc. AAAI/ICML-98 Workshop on Learning for
Text Categorization, pp. 41-48.
V. Metsis, I. Androutsopoulos and G. Paliouras (2006). Spam filtering with
naive Bayes -- Which naive Bayes? 3rd Conf. on Email and Anti-Spam (CEAS).
"""
def __init__(self, alpha=1.0, binarize=.0, fit_prior=True,
class_prior=None):
self.alpha = alpha
self.binarize = binarize
self.fit_prior = fit_prior
self.class_prior = class_prior
def _count(self, X, Y):
"""Count and smooth feature occurrences."""
if self.binarize is not None:
X = binarize(X, threshold=self.binarize)
self.feature_count_ += safe_sparse_dot(Y.T, X)
self.class_count_ += Y.sum(axis=0)
def _update_feature_log_prob(self, alpha):
"""Apply smoothing to raw counts and recompute log probabilities"""
smoothed_fc = self.feature_count_ + alpha
smoothed_cc = self.class_count_ + alpha * 2
self.feature_log_prob_ = (np.log(smoothed_fc) -
np.log(smoothed_cc.reshape(-1, 1)))
def _joint_log_likelihood(self, X):
"""Calculate the posterior log probability of the samples X"""
check_is_fitted(self, "classes_")
X = check_array(X, accept_sparse='csr')
if self.binarize is not None:
X = binarize(X, threshold=self.binarize)
n_classes, n_features = self.feature_log_prob_.shape
n_samples, n_features_X = X.shape
if n_features_X != n_features:
raise ValueError("Expected input with %d features, got %d instead"
% (n_features, n_features_X))
neg_prob = np.log(1 - np.exp(self.feature_log_prob_))
# Compute neg_prob · (1 - X).T as ∑neg_prob - X · neg_prob
jll = safe_sparse_dot(X, (self.feature_log_prob_ - neg_prob).T)
jll += self.class_log_prior_ + neg_prob.sum(axis=1)
return jll
```